Surabaya Places of
Places of Interest in Surabaya
KALIMAS TRADITIONAL SEAPORT
Kalimas traditional seaport is located at the east of Kalimas River, lies about 10 kilometers west of Kenjeran beach. Comprising a two-kilometre stretch of warehouse and wharves along the East ward flank of Tanjung Perak, Kalimas is a living history of Surabaya's maritime heritage where carts and human toil continue to load and unload merchandise into and out of tile holds of brooch-beamed Phinisi Schooners. The best visit in order to see the loading and unloading activities is in the morning or before the sun, climbs too high and schooners set sail. The available facilities are; place parked, lodging and restaurant. It is easy reachable by various public vehicles.
Kalimas is the fraction of Brantas River that has upstream in Mojokerto town, flow into northeast direction and have estuary in Surabaya (Madura Strait). A hypothesis tell Kalimas is river becoming the gateway of Majapahit Kingdom, and in this river have ever happened encounter between Raden Wijaya (the founder of Majapahit) fight against Tar-tar (Mongol) team at 13th century.
Kali Mas is also as the limited line between Sidoarjo regency and Gresik regency. The estuary of Kalimas is traditional port of Surabaya, which have been there since for centuries ago. A number of the bridges getting through Kalimas in Surabaya now specified as culture pledge, refer to it historical value.
Port of Kalimas Remain a Memory
Otherwise got serious attention, Traditional Port of Kalimas Surabaya, will remain history. Workload of goods loading and unloading in this port always decline for a number of last years, and now more and more concern. Whereas institution related to Kalimas public Port management, seems to no longer care at continuity that have age traditional port life hundreds of this year. The many dirt cause water quality and environmental along the length of Kalimas is not balmy like formerly.
Now Traditional Port of Kalimas Surabaya, not as a pledge port anymore, because, some of ship entrepreneurs or service user transportation of public ship, have changed over to port in Gresik. Some last year, motor sailing boat (KLM) wood conveyor from Kalimantan a lot cargo handling still in this Kalimas port, but now they more love to unload goods in Gresik port because it more conducive.
The public perpetrators now look for best alternative to return the bustle of goods cargo-handling current. Concerning basic problem is traffic path of Madura Strait, which is solid, because the merchant marine grass, battleship TNI AL and ferry ship, must, broken and overcome soon, including port superficiality.
If years before all motor sailing boat (KLM) which cargo handling in Kalimas port reach 150-200 ships, now remain 60-70 ships. That also ship that have capacities at the most 250 tons.
Kalimas, Formerly and Now
In kampongs Surabaya formerly, there are architecture typical of kampong called "mask house", or "mask style". Its form stonewall vestibule, have wide glass window, with tiling or ceramics floor. In short natty and light. From bedroom until kitchen with is soil floor and have bamboo matting wall (gedhek sesek).
Kalimas, which separate the town heart, is actually a source of life symbol. In hinterland of river irrigate farm, fertilize rice field, suffuse fishpond, and yield crop, make the countryside welfare. Exploiting of river intensively and proportional. Kalimas ought to able to be exploited fully and appropriately for resident prosperity.
There is an old story in Raden Rahmat or Sunan Ampel epoch, 15th century, which gift land from King Majapahit cover Ngampel Denta, perhaps from Botoputih until Kalimas, mention that every town admission fish boat people boat throw some big fish to east continent that taken care by the Moslems. That fishes are for Kanjeng Sunan pleading it benediction and prayer.
A story, when Raden Rahmat had wudlu in Kalimas, found an item drift ruby. He wish to eat his finding, hence before that is he fringe river to request permit at the garden owner which its ruby fall to river. Do not one also there are people confess or no ruby garden along the length of ridge. After far trace finally find ruby garden in an area (Darmokali now). The ruby garden property of Mbah Bungkul, the founder of that area. Raden Rahmat meet the owner and request permit to eating his finding ruby. Mbah Bungkul was hardly impressing to Raden Rahmat sincerity.
Kalimas also save the important history story. On 31 Mays 1293 Raden Wijaya (Majapahit Empire Founder) valiantly and spirit and the warrior soul successfully break and dissipate of Tar-Tar army, Mongolia emperor team from Majapahit earth. Tar-Tar army left Majapahit through Ujung duramen, a countryside, which located in north back part North off Surabaya, in Kalimas estuary.
Kalimas now and which will come applied for water tourism by using boat follow the river current to enjoy some of Surabaya city. This water tourism is opened generically start at Monday until day Friday at 17.00-19.00 WIB, Saturday at 13.00-19.00 WIB, Sunday at 09.00-19.00 WIB. In the riparian multiplied of Kalimas there is also Prestasi Park where children can play and have recreation. Prestasi Park is opened generically every day in the evening.
To the east of Kali Mas harbour, the modern port of Tanjung Perak is the second biggest port in Indonesia after Jakarta, and the gateway through which Eastern Indonesia's products pass to the outside world. The port occupies 574.7 hectares of sea area, and is facilitated by a Port Administrator, shipping and forwarding associations, and a ship owners association. The Indonesian navy uses Tanjung Perak as a base, and permission is needed to visit the site.
KAYOON PARK AND FLOWER MARKET
Kayoon Park is located along the western bank of Kayoon River. It is an evening Recreation Park and specific East Java Food Center. A variety of water sports are performed here such as; sailing, swimming, motor boat, and even canoe races. To the north of Kayoon Park is the Kayoon Market, selling beautiful orchids and tropical decorative.
Located in Kayoon Street / Kayun Street in periphery of Kalimas and close to Panglima Sudirman Street which is the biggest and complete flower market in Surabaya, many kinds of tropical flower can be bought here. In south side of flower market, we can enjoy various foods typical of East Java are available in those restaurant.
Fresh flower business prospect in coming is brighter. Thereby, the business earn more developed especially in it appearance and marketing. Ornamental plant that commercialized in Surabaya delivered from Pasuruan, Jember, Malang, Batu and Banyuwangi.
Kayoon Market also provides all public needs from various certifiable bundle flowers, start from fresh interest, dried flower and artificial flower both local and also imported. Besides also provide past master in fulfilling request of either direct stringed up and also sent at receiving location, without lessening it quality.
Chinese Temples and Ash Houses
Historic China town is found around Klenteng Dukuh, the red temple with the Chinese characters for "Peace" and Prosperity emblazoned in gold above burning candles and incense, in Jalan Kapasan. The Chinese population married and mingled with the local people while retaining their own identity, and consequently Chinese and local elements have fused in both cuisine and culture. Signs of the Chinese veneration for their deceased relatives can be seen in the 'ash houses' places built for ancestral worship, which often occupy a whole building on a piece of real estate worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. These buildings can be recognised by the Chinese characters and burning incense placed outside them.
Another Chinese shrine, Hok An Kiong, was built in the 18th century and is located on Jalan Selompretan. This shrine is dedicated to the safety and well-being of sailors, and offerings are made here to propitiate the sea.
Cheng Hoo Mosque
Muhammad Cheng Hoo Mosque is mosque that having a real interesting history. This thing can see from the building architecture, which has made with style typical of China. It begin from 15 century during dynasty Ming ( 1368-1643) Chinese from Yunnan were start coming to propagate Islam, especially in Java. This Muhammad Cheng Hoo Mosque can accommodate about 200 pilgrimages.
Muhammad Cheng Hoo Mosque is consisted of width of 21x11 m2 broadly main building 11x9m2.
Muhammad Cheng Hoo Mosque also has 8 sides on the top of the main building. The third measure or numbers are having meaning. The meaning is number 11 for measure ka'bah when has just been built, numeral 9 symbolizing sponsor songo and numeral 8 symbolizing Pat Kwa (luck / feather in Chinese).
The Red Bridge of Surabaya
The colour of the bridge that marks the entrance to the 19th century colonial business district off Jalan Veteran could most aptly be described as "blood red". Red is a sign of the courage and determination for which the people of East Java are famous, and one of the most famous battles in the larger Battle of Surabaya accurred here. The white-washed walls and red-tiled roofs of the colonial buildings here date to the boom period of the 1920s.
Joko Dolog Statue
Joko Dolog can be found on Taman Aspari Street. This statue is a Buddhist statue. It is said to have been made in the year 1289 in honor of the funeral of King Kertanagara, who was the last king of Singosari. It is believed to have been carried to Surabaya about 300 years ago. The statue can be found directly in front of the mansion of the governor of East Java, and the aroma of incense remains in the air as it is still a popular pilgrimage site.
A stone image of the Buddha Akshobya, curiously matching the description of the ‘missing statue’ at Candi Jawi, can be found today in a small secluded park in Surabaya. Known locally as Joko Dolog, the statue displays a lengthy Sanskrit inscription, carved neatly around its base. When it was translated for the first time early this century, the inscription was found to reveal important historical information dating from the period immediately prior to the founding of Majapahit. Translated in the year 1289 by a Buddhist scribe named Nada, the contents are roughly as follows
Yet, since the 1975 discovery of a number of inscribed copper sheets originating from the region of Kediri, new light has been shed on the early years of the Singosari period. Known as the inscription of Mula Malurung, issued by King Kertanagara in 1255, it mentions the names of Wishnuwardhana, Tohjaya, as well as a number of other kings who have previously been unknown to historians. Finally, and most interestingly, the Mula Malurung inscription appears to suggest the existence of Ken Angrok, thus at least confirming a historical basis for a story which was regarded almost entirely as a myth.
Heroes Monument & Surabaya Sepuluh November Museum
The warrior monument is located in Tembaan Street. It had built for the agenda of giving high respect to all warriors that had killed during big encounter to fight against ally army being hitchhiked by NICA, which wish to occupy Surabaya in 10 Novembers 1945. It is located in front of luxury Gubenur office. Besides as the big monument as high as 45 foot/feet, for the same purpose, in some famous places as battlefield at that time, have been made a heroic statue like Jayengrono garden (Red Bridge), Plaza Contong, in Tais Nasution street (Sharp-pointed Bamboo), Foreland and in Kombes Pol. M . Duriyat street.
The Heroes Monument is a warrior spirit symbol of “arek-arek Suroboyo” (Surabaya’s People) in faced the colonist. This monument is located in front of East Java Governor Office. As cultural pledge building, this monument located in Pahlawan Street Surabaya and very strategic because resides in the downtown of Surabaya, encircled by the main road; Bubutan Street, Tembaan Street, and Kebon Rojo Street.
Heroes Monument is built in "overturn nail" form, seen have monumental philosophic value. This Heroes Monument have of 40,45 meters height or 45 yards, with diameter under 3,10 meters and diameter to 1,30 meters. At underside of the monument is decorated with ‘Trisula’ engraving pictorial, ‘Cakra’, ‘Stamba’ and ‘Padma’ as fire struggle symbol.
The first stone long had done by Ir. SOEKARNO the first RI President who consorted by Surabaya Mayor, Doel Arnowo in 10 Novembers 1951. One year later, the Heroes Monument had opened by Ir. SOEKARNO on 10 Novembers 1952 witnessed by Surabaya Mayor, R. Moestadjab Soemowidigdo, with the location of precise above the ex- building of Raad Van Justitie area or High Hall of Justice in colonization of Dutch, which at occupying of Japan era applied as Kempetai building or Japan military police.
In Japan government, this building is utilized as Japan Kempetai to judge, torture and arrested Indonesia combatants. By then, it was break a Surabaya encounter; this building mastered by Surabaya youngsters and become the center of the struggle. Finally, this building was breakdown because it had hit by ally artillery gunfire.
The gateway towards the Heroes Monument area, has built to looks like Bentar Temple, which is then called as Bentar Gateway. Bentar gate have of 4,5 meter height and 1,7 meter width, the gateway faced to south, which is the entrance and exit. From front of side, we can look around eight relieves that depict about the development of Surabaya city. Landing story of Tar-Tar army in Hujung Galuh, the development of Kalimas estuary as the Surabaya genesis.
Sepuluh Nopember Museum built to clarify the existence of Heroes Monument to study the network of 10 November 1945 encounter event in Surabaya. The museum building consisted of 2 floors that is floor 1 applied for 10 statue exhibition bunches symbolized the spirit of Surabaya people struggle and the oration social of Bung TOMO drama and encounter film that show of 10 Novembers 1945 struggle (electronic diorama) and space auditorium in second floor as exhibit weapon space, reproduction of documenter photographs and exhibition of Bung TOMO omission collection. Besides, there are two states diorama spaces that presents eight event that happened around of 10 November 1945 Surabaya encounter, complete with its narration.
1. Tuesday to Thursday: 08.00 - 1530 WIB
2. Friday: pk.08.00 - 1500 WIB
3. Saturday - Sunday: 0800 - 1400 WIB.
The largest zoo and complete in Southeast Asia and divided to some places for birds, freshwater aquarium and brine, quarantine Toxidemi, night animal ( nocturama) and various mammals ( mammal). In Special place, there is also porpoise (pesut mahakam) and mermaid
Surabaya Zoo located in Setail Street 1 Surabaya (Wonokromo - beside Joyoboyo station area), KBS is big zoo and complete. It is in it are dwelt more than 351 composing different animal species more than 2806 animals. Include Indonesia rareness animal and also world consisted of Mammalian, Aves, Reptile, and Pisces.
KBS is part of education that is indirectly good for recognizing many kinds of animal so that planted early on feeling love to the nature and its contents. Besides, KBS (Shortly of Surabaya Zoo, commonly people called it as KBS) is animal garden with the meaning place with main function of conservation which is do some effort for treatment and breeding various animal types for the agenda of forming and develop new habitat as supporting facilities for protection and conservation of nature.
As a Dutch colonial heritage zoo with a width of about 15 hectares and stood since 1916. KBS pertained is ideal to evaluated from the location aspect, wide, and collection of animal reaching 400 types, from within and also overseas. Correction many done by management, like existence of parent program to take care of animal, strive free animal help from zoo beyond the sea, and the facilities development.
KBS is build based on Dutch Governor General Decision on 31 Augusts 1916 number 40, by the name " Soerabaiasche Planten-en Dierentuin" (Surabaya Botany Garden and Animal) for service a journalist named H.F.K. Kommer an animal collector. From the angle of financial H.F.K Kommer get help from some people donor. The first KBS location is in Kaliondo, in 1916, and then on 28 Septembers 1917 moves in Groedo Street. In 1920 it was moves again to Darmo area for new zoo area to OOST-JAVA STOOMTRAM MAATSCHAPPIJ or Train Station service.
For the first time in April 1918, KBS is opened but with paying admission sign (ticket). Then high operating expenses effect, hence on 21 Julies 1922 botany gardens / KBS experience monetary crisis and will be disbanded, but some of it members of are disagree.
Visit time every day started at 07.00 Pm – 17.00 Am.
SUBMARINE MONUMENT SURABAYA
As you continue on your journey, visit the Monkasel, the original KRI Pasopati 410 submarine next to the Surabaya Plaza shopping center. It is 76.6 meters long and 6.3 meters wide. It was moved from Ujung to this location on July 1st, 1995, after the museum was officially opened by Arief Kushariadi, the Naval Commander of the Republic of Indonesia on June 27, 1998.
KRI. Pasopati with 410 side number belongs to SS type whiskey class built in Vladivostok Russia in 1952. It has been with Indonesia Navy since 29 January 1962 and carried out dutief to destroy enemy line, to be surveillance and acts as silent raids. KRI. Pasopati bought ctivelly for independence and national supremacy in the past. It was the front line during Trikora Operation, gave psicological presure so that west Irian could be gain back and other important operation.
The following month, on July 5, 1998, it was opened to the public as a marine tourist destination. Boats and a diorama also complete the monument, which also functions as a museum. The visitors who want to travel by boat along the Kalimas River to view the monument can launch from ‘Prestasi Park’ behind the Grahadi Governor Mansion.
Monkasel is equipped with a multimedia building which presents a program in recognition of the Indonesian Navy. Monkasel is open from Monday through Friday from 0830-2200 WIB. To receive more information please contact 031-5490410. The following facilities are provided: parking, a canteen, a stage, and an amusement area for children. It is easily reached by public transportation.
Panorama of Kenjeran Beach
Kenjeran beach is located in Kenjeran district in the east top Surabaya, which is ± 9 km from Surabaya. Kenjeran beach has divided into two beaches; they are Old Kenjeran Beach and New Kenjeran Beach.
The activities that can do in Old Kenjeran Beach are enjoying the panorama of the beach, fishing, sailing, and buying sea fishes. While the activities in New Kenjeran Beach are more sport activities, such as; Tennis, Horseracing, Motorbike, Race, Swimming, Fishing, Playground, and places of worship.
The available facilities of this area are; restaurants, toilets, hotels, stages, souvenir stores, and message house.
Formerly, Kenjeran Beach is a very beautiful beach in the north Surabaya, but now the cleanliness in that beach begin to befouled because of the people around that beach did not keep that beach clean. In 1963 until 1965 the beach still clean because there was not village near there. The soil of Kenjeran is from mud. The level of water decrease reaching 2 kilometers. The tipping tidal wave of Kenjeran Beach is once per day, and its start from 8 am to 2/2.30 pm for 2 kilometers. The animals in there are jelly fish, reef, eel fish, and prawn. If the water is subsided the animal are only small crab and snail.
Kya-Kya Surabaya ( It's a China Town That Turns Into a Spacious Outdoor Eating Place at Night.
Kya-kya Kembang Jepun is in shooping center, Kembang Jepun Street that is the center of eastern Indonesia trade and economy. In the night, this place turns into center of local foods, national, even international. Local foods like lontong balap, empek-empek Palembang, Nasi Padang and also Chinese foods and European - American foods.
It presents the warm situation feeling of dinner recreation by providing unlimited food and beverage with the typical food / beverage of the local area ( cookery Tionghoa, the middle east cookery, Indonesia cookery) even invite the youngsters victuals; included of Snack, ( burger, pizza, etc) and traditional snack ( Surabaya and area).
To glorious this situation of night, it presents small entertainment amusement podium (light music) both traditional music and also modern music ( tionghoa, arab, jawa) even contemporary (poem etc) or which known by the public ( dangdut, gambus, etc) or which appreciative ( jazz etc), without bother the possibility of the performing of spiritual event (at night in religious days). It also provides promotion space of trade or hold an artistic exhibition or exhibition of trade / small-scale craft.